Top 10 Memory Improvement Tips..!

by Nafo Media Desk

Improve Your Memory With These Great Tips – By Kendra Cherry.

Do you find yourself forgetting where you left your keys or blanking out information on important tests? Fortunately, there are things that you can do to help improve your memory. Before your next big exam, be sure to check out some of these tried and tested techniques for improving memory. These strategies  have been established within cognitive psychology literature to improve memory, enhance recall and increase retention of information.

1.  Focus your attention on the materials you are studying.

Attention  is one of the major components of memory. In order for information to move from  short-term memory into long-term memory, you need to actively attend to this  information. Try to study in a place free of distractions such as television, music and other diversions. 

2.  Avoid cramming by establishing regular study sessions.

According to Bjork (2001), studying materials over a number of  session’s gives you the time you need to adequately process the information. Research  has shown that students who study regularly remember the material far better than those who do all of their studying in one marathon session.

3.  Structure and organize the information you are  studying.

Researchers have found that information is organized in memory in related clusters. You can take advantage of this by structuring and organizing the materials you are studying. Try grouping similar concepts and terms together, or make an outline of your notes and textbook readings to help group related concepts.

4. Utilize mnemonic devices to remember  information.

Mnemonic devices are a technique often used by students to aid in  recall. A mnemonic is simply a way to remember information. For example, you might associate a term you need to remember with a common item that you are very familiar with. The  best mnemonics are those that utilize positive imagery, humor or novelty. You might come up with a rhyme, song or joke to help remember a specific segment of  information.

5.  Elaborate and rehearse the information you are  studying.

 In order to recall information, you need to encode what you are studying into long-term memory. One of the most effective encoding techniques is  known as elaborative rehearsal. An example of this technique would be to read  the definition of a key term, study the definition of that term and then read a  more detailed description of what that term means. After repeating this process  a few times, you’ll probably notice that recalling the information is much  easier.

6.  Relate new information to things you already  know.

When you are studying unfamiliar material, take the time to think  about how this information relates to things that you already know. By  establishing relationships between new ideas and previously existing memories,  you can dramatically increase the likelihood of recalling the recently learned  information.

7.  Visualize concepts to improve memory and  recall.

Many people benefit greatly from visualizing the information they  study. Pay attention to the photographs, charts and other graphics in your  textbooks. If you do not have visual cues to help, try creating your own. Draw  charts or figures in the margins of your notes or use highlighters or pens in  different colors to group related ideas in your written study  materials.

8.  Teach new concepts to another person.

Research suggests that reading materials out loud significantly  improves memory of the material. Educators and psychologists have also  discovered that having students actually teach new concepts to others  enhances understanding and recall. You can use this approach in your own studies  by teaching new concepts and information to a friend or study  partner.

9.  Pay extra attention to difficult   information.

Have you ever noticed how it’s sometimes easier to remember  information at the beginning or end of a chapter? Researchers have found that  the order of information can play a role in recall, which is known as the serial  position effect. While recalling middle information can be difficult, you can  overcome this problem by spending extra time rehearsing this information.   Another strategy is to try restructuring what you have learned so it will be  easier to remember. When you come across an especially difficult concept, devote  some extra time to memorizing the information.

10.  Vary your study routine.

Another great way to increase your recall is to occasionally change  your study routine. If you are accustomed to studying in one specific location,  try moving to a different spot during your next study session. If you study in  the evening, try spending a few minutes each morning reviewing the information  you studied the previous night. By adding an element of novelty to your study  sessions, you can increase the effectiveness of your efforts and significantly  improve your long-term recall.

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